Gum recession is a common problem that can affect people of all ages. It occurs when the gums pull away from the teeth, exposing the roots of the teeth. There are a couple of causes of gum recession, and it can be a severe problem if left untreated. Let’s discuss the causes of the gum recession and provide tips on preventing it from happening.
There are two common causes of receding gums:
Gum Disease (Periodontitis)
Gum disease is an infection of the gums that can damage the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth. Periodontitis, or advanced gum disease, is a severe form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss. Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. Plaque can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional. If plaque and tartar are not removed, they will continue to damage the gums and bone. Treatment involves treating and stabilising the disease to prevent further destruction.
Trauma Caused By Brushing Too Hard
One of the most common causes of gum recession is trauma from brushing too hard. Many people brush their teeth too hard to get them clean. However, this can damage the gums and cause them to pull away from the teeth.
Suggestions for Prevention of Toothbrush Trauma
- Ask your dental professional to recommend the best toothbrush for you. I will most likely be an electric toothbrush with a pressure sensor or a soft textured toothbrush with a small brush head design. Toothbrushes designed for sensitive teeth are particularly suitable to help prevent toothbrush trauma.
- Choose toothpaste that has fluoride in it. Fluoride is a mineral that helps to protect your teeth from cavities and decay. Avoid using highly abrasive toothpaste designed for whitening or smokers.
- Be sure to brush gently! Begin by brushing the areas least affected by the recession. Brush twice a day for 2-4 minutes using gentle circular motions.
- Replace your toothbrush every three to four months, or sooner if the bristles are frayed. Toothbrush bristles that have become frayed cause more damage to receding gums and are less effective in cleaning your teeth properly.
- Avoid brushing your teeth after you have had orange juice or acidic foods. The acidity weakens tooth enamel and makes your teeth more susceptible to damage. If you already have receding gums, the softer tooth-root surfaces will be exposed to the pH condition created in the mouth by ingesting foods. Brushing the exposed root surface after consuming acidic food and beverage can cause more destruction to the tooth. This can contribute to wear concavities that need to be repaired by your dentist.
The above are the two leading causes of gum recession. Be sure to see your dentist or periodontist in Guildford if you think you may have gum recession. They will be able to diagnose and treat the problem accordingly. By following the suggestions provided, you can help to prevent the gum recession from happening.
Gum recession should never be ignored as it can lead to more severe problems. However, you can prevent gum recession from occurring or progressing with proper care and treatment. Be sure to contact your dentist in Guildford if you think you may have gum disease or are experiencing any symptoms of gum recession.